An Instrument Rating - gives pilots greater flexibility, giving them the skill to fly when the weather is not bright and sunny

There are two types of Instrument ratings: the Group 1 Rating and the Group 3 Rating.

The difference between the two ratings is that the Group 1 allows you to fly under IFR (instrument flight rules) in a multi-engine aeroplane.

An Instrument Rating allows you to:

  • Group 1 - Fly under Instrument Flight Rules in a single or multi-engine aeroplanes in IMC (Instrument meteorological conditions), as endorsed on their licence
  • Group 3 - Fly under Instrument Flight Rules in single-engine aeroplanes in IMC, as endorsed on their licence


  • Valid PPL or CPL
  • Valid, appropriate Medical Certificate
  • For Group 1 Instrument Rating - multi-engine rating

Training Requirements:

To achieve your Group 1 or Group 3 Instrument Rating you must have :

  • completed a minimum of 50 hours of cross-country flight time as pilot-in-command in aeroplanes
  • 40 hours instrument time of which a maximum of 20 hours may be instrument ground time, including:
    • One dual cross-country flight under simulated or actual IMC conditions to a point a minimum of 100 nautical miles radius from the point of departure.
    • The flight is to be conducted in accordance with an IFR flight plan and must include, at two different locations, an instrument approach to minima.
  • successfully completed a flight test to the standard outlined in the Flight Test Standard – Instrument Rating (TP9939E)
  • obtained a minimum of 70% on the written examination for Instrument Rating (INRAT). (Ground school is not required, but is highly recommended)

Instrument Rating - Group 1 information and pricing

Instrument Rating - Group 3 information and pricing


Flight Test Guide - Instrument Rating Groups 1, 2 and 3 Aeroplane

Study and Reference Guide for the written examinations for the Instrument Rating - Aeroplane